As far back as the time of the ancient Greeks, science and religion was often joined together under the label of “psychicscience.” In fact, many early philosophies of spirituality were centered around psychic science. Socrates, the famous plumber and teacher of them, was known to have used “psychometry” as a means of learning more about the world. And many other ancient Greek philosophers and scientists tried to apply scientific methods to various aspects of life including religion. They each tried to prove that there were some points of contact between science and spirituality.
Recently, three eminent scholars from the United States – Edward Sapir, John Locke and Philip Zimbardo -have taken the topic of psychic science to a different level. In their book, “The Parallax Factor,” they boldly claim that psychic science is a separate and distinct science from religion. They base this claim on their conviction that psychic phenomena are qualia, and that science cannot resolve them. And they further argue that both religion and psychic science are “complementary.”
Although they may seem to dispute this claim on the grounds that only a single test can show whether or not a psychic ability exists, I disagree tu vi 12 cung hoang dao. The test they refer to was the California State Qualification Exam (CSQ), which measures a candidate’s knowledge of California law, rules of procedure, and constitutional law. The law school at the University of San Diego’s law school does not administer the CSQ, and the qualifying scores are only one point lower than what is required for law school. Therefore, when these professors write that the CSQ tests have no bearing on whether a psychic possesses a sixth sense, or is merely an “amateur psychic” rather than a professional, they are clearly misquoting California law. In fact, even the qualifying score for lawyers, doctors and other licensed professionals who want to practice in California is one hundred percent reliable as compared to the un-reliable scales used by the California State Qualification Exam.
Moreover, if the state of California believes that a law passed in the state protects psychic readers against both religious and non-religious individuals from practicing their professions, then they are also clearly wrong. As defined in California Civil Code Section 13101, “a person may be denied access to or relief from disability or discrimination based on race, color, national origin, age, sex, marital status, religion, sexual orientation, or any other cognizance of disability.” The only exemptions to this rule are for police officers, firefighters, and certain child welfare agencies. There is no provision stating that a professional reader of cards or tarot cards may not be discriminated against, as this would be blatantly discriminatory.
Now, let me make a very important point about the California First Amendment and its effect on the rest of the US Constitution. That is, although the US Supreme Court has declared that there is no protection for religious beliefs, it has also ruled that a State cannot limit people’s free speech rights based on their beliefs, even their most unpopular ones. Therefore, when a California court tries to ban a psychic reader from providing information to a person suffering from a mental disorder because the reader will be violating the rights of the individual in the first place, the court is blatantly infringing on the rights of the California citizen to speak or not speak, or about anything that the individual finds uncomfortable.
In this case, the court acted in an illegal and unfair manner, which is a violation of the First Amendment. In order to enforce the ban on psychic readings, the city had to pass a civil proceeding law, making it an infringement of the right to free speech. The only remedy that they found was to pass an ordinance that makes a crime out of fortune telling. This law is much less drastic than the California State Qualification Exam, and it is therefore likely to pass. Hopefully, the rest of the US will soon follow suit.